Today, approximately 90 percent of the world trade is carried out by sea transportation. This maritime trade is carried out with more than 50 thousand ships (300gt and above), which are registered in more than 150 countries and operate by almost a million seafarers from almost every nation, in a completely free competitive environment, with some exceptions.
In terms of the “flow of products across countries”, which is the main function of globalization, the maritime industry is the key of the global economy. Therefore, maritime is considered as a strategic sector all over the world.
Turkey's trade is carried by sea since 2008, from 213.6 million tons to 324 million tons; The fleet, which is under the control of shipowners, has increased from 13,183 million dwt to 28,589 million dwt and 1003 ships to 1484 in number.
Turkish maritime trade fleet is the 15th in the world as of the beginning of 2019 with its load carrying capacity. The number of shipyards reached 78 and the shipbuilding capacity reached 4.44 million dwt as of 2019. As of March 2019, the majority of 134 ship orders (4th in number, after China, Japan and S. Korea) are tugboats. Today, high value-added marine vehicles such as LNG-fueled hybrid passenger and vehicle cargoes, LNG-fueled tugs, LNG-fueled hydraulic hybrid propulsion system and remote controlled boats are produced in shipyards and exported.
Also, shipyards have begun to play an active role in the defense industry and the needs of Turkey met with local and national production; various defense and coast guard ships have been exported abroad.
In addition, about 22 million dwt maintenance and repair capacity to become a maintenance base in the region, Turkey has become an important opportunity.
Super yachts (24 meter and above) building in 2019 global order book data, Turkiye is ranked 4th in the world ranking with total 3000mt length and total 41,553 gross tonnage.
In maritime tourism, the number of marinas, shelters and other facilities that can be connected to boats has reached 83, and the capacity of yacht mooring and berth has reached 27,360 boats.
In the light of these developments and datas, the development of the maritime industry and the added value to the country will increase in 2020 and after.
Varzene Metal develops its technological capabilities in accordance with international norms, not only to meet the demands of the Turkish maritime transport sector, but also to meet global and regional needs in this direction.
Within this framework, we also closely monitor the possible works of the International Maritime Organization for the protection of the marine environment. Searches for a viable solution are ongoing to make ships environmentally friendly. For this purpose, the countries and the shipping companies that wish to take advantage of the capabilities of Turkiye on new shipbuilding, green shipbuilding and ship strengthening are in cooperation work.
Maritime sector in Turkey's national planning, considering the role and importance in the global economy, as well as in the world to begin to be addressed as a strategic sector on behalf of economic, technological, political and strategic development will provide more added value.